Acne is a known problem for both teens and adults. Based on research completed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), 80% of people between the ages of 11 and 30 experience acne outbreaks at the some point of their lives. Acne is normally suppose to go away after the age of 30 but it is found that acne continues into their 40s and 50s, so this can be an almost lifetime experience for many adults. Acne occurs on not only the face but on other parts of the body such as back, neck, chest, and shoulders per the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) and CDER (Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.
Acne is not considered a major health condition but it is an embarrassing experience and can cause permanent scarring to the skin. It can also cause emotional distress to the individual as their face is the first thing many people see when they look at them. So the emotional distress is a big challenge for many to endure and fight through at the same time.
The formation of acne causes:
- Androgens which are increase in sex hormones occurring for both boys and girls during the puberty stage. The sebaceous glands enlarge and generate more sebum in hair follicles.
- Genetics carried from one generation to the next.
- Pregnancy that causes hormonal changes
- Starting or stopping the usage of birth control pillsTop Myths of Acne:
- No way to prevent the development of acne.
- Medicated washes such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, resorcinol, and sulfur treat one type of treatment for acne.
- Using basic soap and water will not treat acne.
- Acne can be treated and doesn’t have to continue with hopes it will run it’s course. The acne can easily be treated with over-the-counter (OTC) products or through a dermatologist who can prescribe prescription medications.
- There is no scientific evidence relating that acne is caused by diet intake. No particular food has been linked to the cause of acne such junk foods and greasy foods.
There are several acne types of lesions. The mildest cases of acne are whiteheads and blackheads.
Four severe acne lesions:
- Cysts which are pus-filled, deep, painful, and can cause scarring on the skin.
- Papules – small lesions, tender to touch, pink in color, and inflamed.
- Nodules – larger and solid lesions, painful and are deep indentation into the skin.
- Pustules – pimples, pus-filled lesions yellow or white in color but they can turn red at the base of the pimples.
Reading the labels of acne products or discussing them with a health care physician to find out which products are the best. Looking at the possible side effects of the products and then making a final decision of which product to choose.
Topical prescription medications contain such as Vitamin A derivatives also known as retinoids, dapsone, benzoyl peroxide, and azelaic acid. Those who have moderate to severe acne may be treated with topical or oral medicines or used in a combination. People who have cysts need to be treated by a dermatologist specialist as the basic treatments may not work as well.